Bok choy, or Brassica rapa var. chinensis, is a popular leafy vegetable in Asian cuisine, known for its mild, tender leaves and crunchy stems. This versatile vegetable is a cool-season crop that can be grown easily in most gardens.
One way to enhance the growth, flavor, and overall success of your bok choy plants is through companion planting. This method involves growing compatible plants together to create a mutually beneficial environment.
In this article, we'll explore the top companion plants for bok choy and the reasons behind their compatibility.
Top Companion Plants for Bok Choy
Companion planting is a great way to improve the health and productivity of your garden. By planting bok choy with the following plants. You can create a healthy and diverse garden ecosystem that benefits your plants and taste buds. Happy planting!
Peas make excellent companions for bok choy due to their ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. This process helps to replenish essential nutrients that bok choy needs for healthy growth. Additionally, both plants have similar growing requirements, such as a preference for cool temperatures, making them an ideal pair.
Spinach is another great companion plant for bok choy because it has similar growing requirements. Spinach also helps shade the soil and keep it moist, which benefits bok choy. Additionally, spinach is a nutrient-rich vegetable that can help improve your garden soil's overall health.
These beautiful, edible flowers add color to your garden and act as a trap crop for common pests like aphids. By attracting pests away from your bok choy, nasturtiums help to protect your leafy greens from damage.
Marigolds are a popular companion plant for many vegetables because they repel various pests. Their pungent scent deters insects like cabbage moths, which can be a significant problem for bok choy plants. Marigolds also have the added benefit of attracting beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, which help control aphid populations.
Lettuce and bok choy both have shallow root systems and similar water requirements. By planting them together, you can optimize water usage in your garden. Lettuce also provides ground cover, which helps to suppress weeds and retain moisture in the soil.
Radishes are another excellent companion for bok choy, as they help to break up the soil, promoting better drainage and aeration. Their strong scent also helps to repel pests like cabbage root maggots that might otherwise target your bok choy plants.
What Not To Plant With Bok Choy
- Other brassicas: Bok choy is a brassica, which is related to plants like broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower. These plants can attract the same pests and diseases, so planting them together can increase the risk of problems.
- Nightshade plants: Plants in the nightshade family, like tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants, may not grow well with bok choy. They have different soil and nutrient requirements, and planting them together can lead to resource competition.
- Legumes: Legumes, such as beans and peas, can fix nitrogen in the soil, benefiting other plants. However, too much nitrogen can cause bok choy to grow too quickly, leading to poor-quality leaves.
- Alliums: Alliums, such as garlic and onions, can repel pests like aphids and caterpillars, but they may also inhibit the growth of bok choy.
- Fennel: Fennel is known to attract pests that can damage bok choy, so it's best to avoid planting them together.